Are There Any Foods I Shouldn’t Cook In An Air Fryer?

Wondering if there are certain foods you should avoid cooking in an air fryer? In this article, you’ll learn about the limitations of air fryers when it comes to certain types of food. While air fryers are incredibly versatile and can cook a wide range of dishes, there are a few items that might not turn out as expected. By the end of this article, you’ll have a better understanding of which foods to avoid when using an air fryer.

When it comes to cooking with an air fryer, there are a few foods that you might want to steer clear of. Firstly, foods with wet batters or coatings, such as tempura, may not crisp up properly in an air fryer. Additionally, delicate items like cheese or soft vegetables can melt or become overly crispy in an air fryer. By being mindful of these limitations, you can ensure that you make the most out of your air frying experience and avoid any disappointing results.

Are There Any Foods I Shouldn’t Cook In An Air Fryer?

Air fryers have gained immense popularity in recent years, thanks to their ability to cook crispy, delicious food without the need for excessive oil. These versatile appliances have revolutionized the way we prepare meals, making it possible to indulge in our favorite fried dishes with a healthier twist. However, while air fryers can handle a wide variety of foods, there are certain dishes that may not yield the best results or could pose potential risks when cooked in them. In this article, we will explore the foods that should not be cooked in an air fryer and the reasons behind it.

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Reasons to Avoid Cooking Certain Foods in an Air Fryer

Although air fryers are excellent for many cooking purposes, there are several reasons why you should be cautious when preparing certain foods in them.

1. Loss of Desired Texture

One of the main drawbacks of air frying certain dishes is the potential loss of their desired texture. For example, foods that are meant to be crispy, such as battered fish or french fries, may not achieve the same level of crunchiness as when deep-fried. Air fryers rely on hot air circulation to cook the food, which can result in a drier texture compared to traditional cooking methods.

2. Potential Health Risks from Overcooked Foods

Overcooking foods in an air fryer can be a health risk. When foods are exposed to high temperatures for an extended period, harmful substances like acrylamide may form. Acrylamide is a compound that forms when certain starchy foods are cooked at high temperatures, causing potential health concerns. Therefore, it is important to be mindful of the cooking time and temperature when using an air fryer.

3. Uneven Cooking or Browning Result

Air fryers rely on hot air circulation to cook food, which can sometimes result in uneven cooking or browning. This can be especially problematic when cooking larger cuts of meat, as the outer layer might get overly browned before the inside is cooked to the desired doneness. It’s important to monitor your food closely and adjust the cooking time and temperature as needed to ensure even cooking.

Now that we understand the reasons behind avoiding certain foods in an air fryer, let’s delve into the specific types of dishes that are not suitable for air frying.

High-Fat Foods That Are Not Suitable for Air Frying

Air fryers are known for their ability to reduce the amount of oil used in cooking, making them a healthier alternative to traditional deep frying. However, there are certain high-fat foods that are not ideal for air frying.

Deep-Fried Foods

While it may seem counterintuitive, air fryers are not suitable for cooking foods that are typically deep-fried. When it comes to classics like onion rings, deep-fried chicken, or tempura, the air fryer might fall short in achieving the same level of crispy texture and rich flavor. Deep frying involves full submersion in oil, which results in a distinct texture that is difficult to replicate with air frying.

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Fatty Cuts of Meat

Air frying is a great way to cook lean meats, as it helps to reduce the fat content while still maintaining juicy, flavorful results. However, fatty cuts of meat, such as pork belly or duck, may not be the best choice for air frying. The excess fat can result in excessive smoking or splattering, making the cooking process messy and potentially unsafe.

Foods with Excessively Greasy Coatings

While air fryers can handle lightly coated dishes, foods with excessively greasy coatings may not have the desired outcome. For example, heavily breaded items or foods dripping in oil-based sauces might not achieve the desired crispiness in an air fryer. The excess grease can also cause the food to become overly greasy or result in splattering, creating a messy cooking experience.

Batter and Coating-Based Dishes That Should Be Avoided in an Air Fryer

Another category of dishes to be cautious about when using an air fryer is those that rely heavily on batter or coating.

Wet Batters

Air fryers are not well-suited for dishes that require wet batters. Wet batters, such as those used for fish or chicken, tend to be too runny and can drip through the basket, resulting in a messy cleanup. Additionally, wet batters may not crisp up properly in an air fryer, leading to a less satisfying texture.

Thick Coatings

While air fryers can handle lightly coated dishes, thick and heavy coatings may not yield the desired results. The hot air circulation in the fryer might not be able to penetrate through the thick coating, leading to a partially cooked or undercooked interior. It’s best to opt for thinner coatings when air frying for optimal results.

Foods Requiring Submersion in Hot Oil

Certain foods, such as donuts or churros, require submersion in hot oil for the signature crispy exterior. Air frying these types of dishes may not result in the same texture or flavor. The submersion in hot oil creates a unique cooking environment that cannot be replicated in an air fryer, making it better to use traditional frying methods for these particular dishes.

Foods with Excessive Moisture Content

Air fryers rely on hot air circulation to cook food, and therefore, foods with excessive moisture content may not be suitable for this method of cooking.

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Watery Fruits and Vegetables

Fruits and vegetables with high water content, such as watermelon or cucumbers, may not cook well in an air fryer. The high moisture content can lead to steaming rather than the desired crispy texture. It’s best to stick to grilling, roasting, or enjoying these types of produce raw to preserve their natural crispness.

Foods with High Juice Content

Certain foods with high juice content, such as tomatoes or citrus fruits, may not fare well in an air fryer. The high juice content can cause the food to become soggy or leak excess liquid during the cooking process, resulting in a loss of desired texture. It’s best to enjoy these foods fresh or incorporate them into other cooking methods.

Frozen Foods with High Ice Content

While air fryers excel at cooking frozen foods, it’s important to be mindful of the ice content. Frozen foods with a high ice content, such as ice cream or popsicles, should not be cooked in an air fryer. The extreme heat can cause the food to melt too quickly, resulting in a messy and potentially dangerous cooking experience.

Foods That May Cause Splattering or Mess in an Air Fryer

Air fryers provide a cleaner alternative to deep frying, but there are still certain foods that may cause splattering or mess in the cooking process.

Marinated or Saucy Foods

Foods marinated in liquid or drenched in sauces, such as barbecue chicken or teriyaki salmon, may not be the best choice for air frying. The excess moisture from the marinade or sauce can result in splattering or even a soggy final product. It’s best to cook these types of dishes using other methods that allow for better control over the moisture.

Runny Foods with Drips or Liquids

Foods that have a runny consistency or contain a significant amount of liquid, such as stews or soups, should not be cooked in an air fryer. The liquid can drip through the basket and onto the heating element, causing smoke or even potential hazards. Stick to using the appropriate cookware when preparing these types of dishes.

Foods with Loose Toppings

Foods with loose or crumbly toppings, such as casseroles with breadcrumbs or dishes topped with shredded cheese, may create a mess in an air fryer. The toppings can scatter and cause uneven browning or even burn on the heating element. It’s best to use other cooking methods, such as baking or broiling, for dishes with loose toppings.


Air fryers offer a convenient and healthier way to enjoy fried foods without the excessive use of oil. However, it’s crucial to be aware of certain foods that may not yield the best results or could pose potential risks when cooked in them. By avoiding high-fat foods, batter and coating-based dishes, foods with excessive moisture content, and those that may cause splattering or mess, you can ensure a better cooking experience with your air fryer. As with any cooking method, it’s essential to experiment and find the dishes that work best for you and your air fryer.

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Jenny Jones

About the Author: Jenny Jones

Driven by her desire to share her newfound love for air frying and healthy cooking, Jenny decided to start her own blog. Through her platform, she shares mouthwatering recipes, insightful tips, and step-by-step tutorials, all geared towards helping her readers make healthier choices without compromising taste.